Showing posts from July, 2022

How to Grow Residue Free Vegetables Using IoT

In a world where consumers are becoming more and more aware of what they eat, residue-free vegetables are in high demand. Residues on vegetables and fruits are a result of excessive use of pesticides or fertilisers absorbed by the plant. Residue-free does not strictly mean the absence of pesticide traces but is below the level that has proved harmful when consumed. Excess agrochemicals are not only detrimental to human health, but they also cause long-lasting effects on the environment: Decreased Soil Quality : Soil quality has worsened due to increased application of chemical fertilisers, especially urea, muriate of potash, and single super phosphate (SSP). There are various risks to soil health: soil compaction, acidification, erosion, contamination, salinization, and decline in organic matter, which can affect phosphorus and nitrogen losses to water and air. Kills Soil Microbes : Many pesticides can kill beneficial microorganisms that-break down organic material and aid in plant gro

Decarbonization Agriculture in India: Current State and Way Forward

India is the third-highest greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter behind China and the United States. India’s farm sector accounts for 14% of the country’s total greenhouse gas emissions , preceded by electricity (44%) and the construction sector (18%).  GHG Emissions Caused by the Agriculture Sector in India Indian rice fields and their substantial livestock population are the primary causes of methane release. India has the largest population of bovine animals (cattle and buffalo) at 625 million heads . 54.6 per cent of GHG emissions were due to enteric fermentation and 6.7 per cent from poor manure management. India is the world’s largest rice producer by area, estimated at 44.0 million hectares. This constitutes about 7.5 per cent of GHG emissions.  Current status of Sustainable Agricultural Practices in India Agriculture is an important sector of the Indian economy, contributing about 20% of the national GDP . The changes in climatic events such as temperature, rainfall and atmospheric