How can IoT Help in Efficient Use of Agrochemicals?
After the end of World War I, the United States shifted its industries from the wartime production of chemicals to synthetic agriculturally used pesticide creation. Synthetic pesticides proved cheap and effective in killing insects and gained widespread popularity in a short span of time. Today, over 3.5 billion kilograms of synthetic pesticides are used for the world's agriculture in an over $45 billion industry. The use of pesticides in agricultural fields, however, has disastrous impacts. It degrades and damages the microorganism community living in the soil, particularly when these chemicals are overused. Many agrochemicals are persistent soil contaminants, whose impact may endure for decades and adversely affect soil conservation. Nitrogen fixation, which is required for the growth of plants, is hindered by pesticides in soil. The insecticides DDT, methyl parathion, and pentachlorophenol have been shown to interfere with legume-rhizobium chemical signalling. Reduction of this