How Yuktix Helps Farmers do More With Less

An average monthly income per agricultural household during agricultural year 2018-19 is ₹10,218. Of the total, 39.8 % of income is earned from wages followed by cultivation/net receipt from crop production (37.2 percent), farming of animals (15.5%), and income from non-farm business (6.3%).


A study conducted in 2018 determines the cost of cultivation per hectare. For crop management purposes, fertilizers amount for about 15% followed by irrigation charges of 11%.


Status of Fertilizers in India:

Online data indicates that the consumption of chemical fertilizers has increased by around 16% between 2015-16 & 2020-21. From about 510 LMT in 2015-16, the consumption increased to 590 LMT as per provisional figures for 2020-21.


Excessive fertilizers can cause soil salinity, eutrophication and heavy metal accumulation. They cause environmental and health hazards including water pollution by nitrate leaching. Major parameters for challenges in promoting balanced use of fertilizers include:

  • Lack of soil testing facilities

  • Excessive use of urea as a fertilizer as it is cheaper and highly subsidized

  • Wide gap between research institutes and local governing bodies

  • Unawareness about overuse of agrochemicals


Status of Irrigation in India:

Agriculture sector withdraws about 80% of all withdrawal. Net irrigated area of India has increased from nearly 18 to 48% in recent times.


Major challenges for efficient irrigation in India include:

  • Uneven rainfall distribution: Nearly half of the net sown area comes under rainfed lands. Even after achieving ultimate irrigation potential, 31% of cultivable area remains under rainfed cultivation. There has been substantial disparity in rainfall, both in time and space with strong risks of dry spells at critical stages of crop even during good rainfall years There has been considerable spatial and temporal variation in rainfall in India. Most of the rainfall occurs with onset of southwest monsoon during June to October month. It varies from less than 100 mm in western Rajasthan to more than 2500mm in the northeast region of the country.

  • Poor irrigation efficiency: Inadequate infrastructures and maintenance leads to poor irrigation efficiency. The overall irrigation efficiency amounts to 38% in India. The problem with irrigation can be both less water and more water. Over irrigation can lead to saturated root zones hindering plant growth. Under irrigation can cause reduced aeration, nutrient uptake and crop yield. Any plant water stress leads to slow growth and low productivity. 

  • Frequent droughts and groundwater overuse: In India, the lack of monsoons result in water shortages, resulting in below-average crop yields.


Crop Management with Yuktix GidaBits®:


  • Fertilizer Recommendation:

  • GidaBits® calculates ideal spray timings using delta T computations. This not only increases the chemical efficiency but reduces the cost of cultivation

  • Enhances the efficiency of fertilizers by 40-50%

  • Water Management:

  • GidaBits® provides precise amounts of water requirement (in liters) based on evapotranspiration, soil moisture, crop data and future rain forecasts.

  • 20-25% water savings due to ETO based irrigation advisory

  • Save water, energy, and cost of operation by up to 50%

  • Improves soil health by increasing the population of beneficial soil microbes

  • Prevents fertilizer leaching 

  • Farm-level Weather Monitoring:

  • GidaBits® estimates precise requirements of your crop needs based on real-time field conditions

  • Helps to optimize crop irrigation patterns, pest control models and crop harvesting

  • Early Detection of Crop Diseases 

  • This helps to implement proper control measures and to prevent further spreading

  • Reduced number of sprays and cost of cultivation

  • Access to Agronomist: 

  • INR 20,000 worth of crop expert consultation during a season

  • Get science and data intelligence based daily activity calendar for your crop

  • 25% increase in production due to POP recommendations 



References:

  • Chaudhari, Dinesh & Ghaghod, J & Thakar, K. (2018). AGRES-An International e Journal. 

  • Usama, Mohammad & Khalid, Monowar. (2018). Fertilizer consumption in India and need for its balanced use: A review. Indian Journal of Environmental Protection. 38. 564-577. 

  • Gyanendra Singh. (2006). Estimation of a Mechanization Index and Its Impact on Production and Economic Factors—a Case Study in India, Biosystems Engineering, Volume 93, Issue 1.

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